/* hanoi.c: solves the tower of hanoi problem. (Programming exercise.) */
/* By Terry R. McConnell (12/2/97) */
/* Compile: cc -o hanoi hanoi.c */
/* This program does no error checking. But then, if it's right,
it's right ... right ? */
/* The original towers of hanoi problem seems to have been originally posed
by one M. Claus in 1883. There is a popular legend that goes along with
it that has been often repeated and paraphrased. It goes something like this:
In the great temple at Benares there are 3 golden spikes. On one of them,
God placed 64 disks increasing in size from bottom to top, at the beginning
of time. Since then, and to this day, the priest on duty constantly transfers
disks, one at a time, in such a way that no larger disk is ever put on top
of a smaller one. When the disks have been transferred entirely to another
spike the Universe will come to an end in a large thunderclap.
This paraphrases the original legend due to DeParville, La Nature, Paris 1884,
Part I, 285-286. For this and further information see: Mathematical
Recreations & Essays, W.W. Rouse Ball, MacMillan, NewYork, 11th Ed. 1967,
303-305.
*
*
*/
#include
#include
#define N 4 /* This is the number of "disks" on tower A initially. */
/* Taken to be 64 in the legend. The number of moves
required, in general, is 2^N - 1. For N = 64, this is
18,446,744,073,709,551,615 */
int A[N], B[N], C[N]; /* These are the three towers. For example if the
state of A is 0,1,3,4, that means that there are three discs on A of sizes
1, 3, and 4. (Think of right as being the "down" direction.) */
void Hanoi(int,int*,int*,int*);
/* Print the current configuration of A, B, and C to the screen */
void
PrintAll(void)
{
int i;
printf("A: ");
for(i=0;i